A valuable part of a health and safety program is an effective method or system of identifying and controlling hazards in the workplace. A workplace hazard can be any activity, condition or substance that has the potential to harm a worker. Hazards are generally divided into two categories: safety hazards and; health hazards.
Tasks that expose workers to a high degree of personal risk require special planning. For these tasks, management, the Joint Health and Safety Committee, Health and Safety Representative, and affected workers, as applicable, should complete a job or task hazard analysis. The analysis and precautions to control or reduce the hazard must be communicated to workers prior to performing the tasks.
Many different hazards may be encountered or created by construction activity. An effective system:
- Monitors the workplace for hazards or potential hazards
- Requires all employees to report hazards
- Implements appropriate controls
- Ensures corrective action is taken
Many different hazards may be encountered or created by construction activity. Typical major risks that should be addressed include:
When developing a hazard analysis program, remember that workers are a valuable source of information about hazards in the workplace. Encourage timely reporting, document hazards and monitor controls for effectiveness.
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